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La Villa de Sagunto (old town: Judería, plaza Mayor and Calvario)
The Plaza Mayor was once the commercial and cultural centre of medieval life in Sagunto; it has a rectangular layout with porches, a weekly market was traditionally held and it still preserves columns of the Roman public square. In it, visitors can find the church of Santa Maria and the entrance to the “almudín”, where wheat was stored in order to supply the towns population; on the building can be seen the “cuatribarrado” coat of arms of the ‘Corona de Aragón’. Close by are the Municipal Palace and the remains of Diana's temple. Leading off of the ‘Plaza Mayor’ are ‘Calle Mayor’ and the ‘Calle Caballeros’, the towns’ principal streets up to the XIX century.
Entry into the urban enclosure of the Jewish Quarter is through a round arched portal in the ‘Calle del Castillo’. This was known from the XV century onwards as the “Portalet de la Judería” or “Portalet de la Sang”, after the expulsion of the Jews the synagogue was occupied by the confraternity of the ‘Purísima Sangre de Nuestro Señor Jesucristo’. The current urban topography is practically the same, maintaining in its configuration the spirit that the former inhabitants gave to it. The Jewish neighbourhood included the streets: Antigons, Ramos, Segovia, Sangre Vieja - where the synagogue was located - Teatro Romano and Pedro Cartagena.
PUERTA DEL CIRCO ROMANO (ENTRANCE TO THE ROMAN CIRCUS)
The Roman Circus was located between the current street ‘calle Los Huertos’ and the avenue ‘Sants de la Pedra’. This monument has been almost entirely buried, only one of the entrances is visible, the one which leads from the ‘Calle Los Huertos’. The remains are formed of great stone blocks placed without using mortar. In its upper part there is a great stone base or pillar, and indications that, an arch would have given monumentality to the entrance. The construction dates back to the II century.
Built in the middle of the XIX century on the side of the mount, on which the Castle was built, on the northern part, it substituted the older Calvary located in the street of “El Calvario Viejo”. It is a beautiful stage upon which, at dawn, on Good Friday the representation of the Passion and Death of Jesus Christ takes place.
REMAINS OF THE FACADE OF THE PALACE OF THE DELME´S
Also known as “Pére el del Punyalet”, it is situated on the “Calle Mayor”. Built in the XIII century, only the facade has been preserved with its masonry walls. In it, Pedro IV, alias the “punyalet”, was held prisoner during the wars of the Union, forced by the “saguntinos” to admit charters and privileges given to the city that had been torn apart by his dagger in Zaragoza.
VESTIGES OF THE ROMAN BRIDGE
Located in the bed of the river Palancia, opposite the site occupied by the Circus, two buttresses and the base of another can be found close to the north shore, these would have served to sustain the arches of the bridge crossing of the Via Augusta.
- Season: Siglos XIII al XIX