Pinturas Rupestres


In the province of Valencia many world famous cave paintings are preserved, amongst which one can find those of the town of Moixent, in the inland area of the district of La Costera. Such is the value of these vestiges of prehistoric art that since the year 1998 they enjoy the protection of UNESCO. Moixent is not the only inland Valencian town in which our ancestors manifested their way of life and beliefs on the insides of caves. Other towns within the boundaries of the Caroig Massif also have the privilege of housing within their municipal districts archaeological sites with prehistoric paintings worthy of the title Heritage of Humanity conferred by this international body. In this area one finds between 25% and 30% of the cave paintings of the province of Valencia, although even nowadays new sites are still being found. It is estimated that these paintings, which surprise experts with the complexity of their subject matter and the quality of their execution, are between 7000 and 8000 years old. All this seems to indicate that the privileged geographical location of this inland area favours human settlements and that is the reason for the quantity and the value of the vestiges found. In some of the most relevant collections of cave paintings, of the 30 that still remain in this area, in the Region of Valencia, we can find hunting scenes in which groups of archers can be seen launching arrows at goats or deer, following tracks or fetching their prey. The collecting of honey, as well as human figures of men and women with various different kinds of dress and a wide variety of animals are some of the examples of the drawings that after thousands of years can still be appreciated on the insides of the caves. CAVE PAINTINGS IN MOIXENT. Abrigo de la Penya (Shelter of the Crag). It is located in the basin of the rivers Cányoles, Albaida and Júcar in the gully of the Coves del Bosquet (Caves of El Bosquet). This is one of the four shelters on a high calcareous headland, at a height of 590 metres. Two shelters contain paintings. In the first, three panels have been identified. In one of them a hunter stalks a stag and a deer, both in a static pose. In another the scene is that of collecting honey in which a human figure with a bag hanging from his back climbs some long ropes to reach the swarm. A deer completes the panel. The last shows a deer similar to the last. Abrigo del Barrranc del Bosquet (Shelter of the Gully of El Bosquet). This shelter is representative of the Macro Schematic and Schematic styles. A good number of paintings in these two styles have been preserved, only one can be attributed to the Levantine style and it deals with an anthropomorph. Other interesting motifs are the caprids and the schematic anthropomorph with serpentiform arms. Barranco de la Cueva de les Alcusses (Gully of the Cave of the Alcusses). This gully is another important shelter that contains groups of archers in the Levantine style in a marching pose. Abrigo de Gontrán (Gontrán Shelter). In this shelter the remains of four Levantine zoomorphs (stags) and some anthropomorphs are preserved. On the lower part there are the remains of schematic meandros fret patterns that are scarcely visible.

  • Features:
  • Type: BIC Monumento
  • Times: Visita libre
  • Season: Prehistoria

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